Globalization Effects On Environment Essay

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Mobility has allowed human civilizations throughout history to reap the benefits of unrestricted, intercontinental trade, but there are environmental costs as a result which are not immediately apparent. There is no doubt that trade between nations has depleted natural resources, but the question as to whether current trade policies augment or temper environmental degradation is currently under contention. One view is that environmental regulations will create "pollution havens" in countries where there are less stringent regulations, simply relocating environmental damage to a country where the environment is worth less. The opposing view comes in the form of the "Porter hypothesis" named for Michael Porter and his suggestion that…show more content…

The introduction of plantations into these countries had immediate effects on the local ecosystems. "Deforestation … was extensive in both Brazil and the [Caribbean] islands. Forests were cleared to plant cane and to supply fuel for the sugar mills as well as for urban construction and other purposes. The coastal forests of northeast Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paolo, Minas Gerais and other settlement zones largely disappeared during the colonial era, permanently altering the landscape of vast territories (Solbrig, 32)." This form of destruction is neither an isolated nor exceptional event. Clearing of forests for urban trading centers and agriculture should be expected in an economically stimulated trade system. Without ocean transport, the intercontinental slave and sugar trade routes could not have existed. In fact, John Coatsworth (cited in Globalization and the Rural Environment) comments that until the slave trade, the "huge cost advantage" of ocean transport was not fully exploited because with the innovations in sea-faring technology, the most cost-effective use of shipping was in trading very heavy goods i.e. humans and sugar cane. Intercontinental free trade clearly had an overwhelmingly detrimental effect on the environment in its early stages.

At present, the effects of current environmental policy and trade liberalization on the environment are being assessed in order to offer some insight as to how we can reduce pollution while still

Facts About Globalization and its Alarming Impact on the Environment

Globalization has helped in the immense growth in international trade and finance. It has made countries to work more closely with each other and has led to several innovations in science and technology. However, it has contributed to environmental degradation as well.
Globalization has had far-reaching effects on our lifestyle. It has led to faster access to technology, improved communication, and innovation. Apart from playing an important role in bringing people of different cultures together, it has ushered a new era in the economic prosperity and has opened up vast channels of development. However, globalization has also created some areas of concern, and prominent among these is the impact that it has had on the environment.
Globalization has featured extensively in the debates on environmentalism, and green activists have highlighted its far-reaching effects.
Activists have pointed out that globalization has led to an increase in the consumption of products, which has impacted the ecological cycle. Increased consumption leads to an increase in the production of goods, which in turn puts stress on the environment.
Globalization has also led to an increase in the transportation of raw materials and food from one place to another. Earlier, people used to consume locally-grown food, but with globalization, people consume products that have been developed in foreign countries.
Globalization causes rise in pollution level
Increase In Consumption of Fuel is Responsible for Rise in Pollution Level
The amount of fuel that is consumed in transporting these products has led to an increase in the pollution levels in the environment. It has also led to several other environmental concerns such as noise pollution and landscape intrusion. Transportation has also put a strain on the non-renewable sources of energy, such as gasoline.
The gases that are emitted from the aircraft have led to the depletion of the ozone layer apart from increasing the greenhouse effect. The industrial waste that is generated as a result of production has been laden on ships and dumped in oceans. This has killed many underwater organisms and has deposited many harmful chemicals in the ocean.
The damage caused to ecosystem from the oil that spilled from one of the leaking containers of British Petroleum in 2010 is just one of the examples of the threat globalization poses to the environment.
Due to globalization and industrialization, various chemicals have been thrown into the soil which have resulted into the growth of many noxious weeds and plants. This toxic waste has caused a lot of damage to plants by interfering in their genetic makeup. It has put pressure on the available land resources.
In various parts of the world, mountains are being cut to make way for a passing tunnel or a highway. Vast barren lands have been encroached upon to pave way for new buildings. While humans may rejoice on the glimmer with these innovations, these can have long-term effects on the environment.
Plastic is The Major Cause of Pollution
Various studies over the years, have found that plastic is one of the major toxic pollutants, as it is a non-biodegradable product. However, plastic is of immense use when it comes to packaging and preserving goods that are to be exported. This has led to increased use of plastic, causing widespread environmental pollution.
Globalization has made so many changes in our lives that reversing it is not possible at all. The solution lies in developing effective mechanisms that can check the extent to which it can impact the environment. Researchers are of the view that the answer to this problem lies in the problem itself, that is, globalization itself can lend support to building a better structure which is economically feasible and environment-friendly. Globalization is about competition, and if certain privately-owned companies can take the lead in being environment friendly, then it will encourage others to follow suit.
It is important that we put in some efforts to maintain harmony with the environment. The survival of human race on this planet is dependent on the environment to such a large extent that we cannot afford to ignore the consequences of our own actions. While there is a lot of debate and discussion on this issue, the need of the hour is to have effective policies in place, and implementation of those policies. The people that we have chosen to represent us have the responsibility of ensuring that the extent of damage on environment is curtailed, if not totally prevented. We hope this article helped you in understanding globalization and its impact on the environment and the importance of taking concrete actions against it.

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