Essay Mast Qalandar

Written by Nandini Rathi | New Delhi | Updated: February 17, 2017 4:36 pm

A devotee leaps while dancing at the tomb of the Sufi saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, in the southern Pakistan city of Sehwan, on Sept. 5, 2013. (Akhtar Soomro/Reuters)

There was no need to guess the timing of the attack on the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in the town of Sehwan Sharif in Pakistan’s Sindh province. Thursdays are the most important in the week for Sufis and the shrine is particularly crowded with devotees. The Thursday evening attack by an Islamic State bomber claimed more than 72 lives, including that of women and children, and injured more than 150, which makes it one of the deadliest on Pakistani soil in recent years.

The shrine, among the most important for the Sufi sect, celebrate the Saint Syed Muhammad Usman Marwandi. The subcontinent will know him more as the mystic about whom scores of Sufi songs are written, among them the immensely popular “Dama dam Mast Qalandar”.

Sufi shrines are visited both by minority Shiite and Sunni Muslims, but radical militant groups like the Islamic State consider the practice to be against Islam. They regard anyone who does not follow their strict interpretation of Sunni Islam – including members of other schools of Islam – as non-Muslims deserving death. Before Thursday’s attack, ISIS targeted a remote Sufi shrine in mountainous southwestern Pakistan on November 12, 2016 claiming the lives of at least 52 people.

Pakistani para-military soldiers stand alert after a deadly suicide attack at the shrine of famous Sufi Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan, Pakistan, Thursday, Feb. 16, 2017. An Islamic State suicide bomber targeted worshippers at a famous shrine in southern Pakistan on Thursday, killing dozens of worshippers and left hundreds of people wounded, officials said. (AP Photo/Pervez Masih)

Sufi traditions and shrines have also been attacked in the recent years by Taliban and other extremist Sunni groups. One of the most popular qawwali (Sufi devotional music) singers, Amjad Sabri, was gunned down while driving in his car in Karachi on June 22, 2016 by two attackers on a motorcycle. The attack was claimed by TTP Hakimullah Mehsud group – also known as Pakistani Taliban – who proclaimed that it was in retaliation for a song he sang they deemed “blasphemy”.

Sufism, which is popular in South Asia including Pakistan, is a relatively tolerant school of Islam. In the Sufi tradition, adherents often worship at the shrine of esteemed saints where musicians lead the crowd of devotees in ecstatic song and dance of devotion, also known as dhikr, in which the worshipper is absorbed in the rhythmic repetition of the name of God or his attributes. Qawwali songs praise the God, or the Prophet or Ali (the first imam of Shia Islam), or one of the Sufi saints. Others lend voice to the poet’s longing for God – often expressed in what seems, on the surface, to be a secular love song.

A woman clad in burqa walks in the hallway of the tomb of Sufi saint Syed Usman Marwandi, also known as Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, in Sehwan Sharif, in Pakistan’s southern Sindh province, September 5, 2013. [Akhtar Soomro/ REUTERS]This syncretic form of devotion frequently sparks the ire of fundamentalist Muslims of the Wahhabist/Salafist sect who insist on a stricter, more puritanical interpretation of the Qur’an and decry the Sufis’ musical tradition of devotion and their practice of visiting the graves of Saints. Some devotional songs even explicitly reference religious pluralism and tolerance, which is sharply at odds with with the ideology of the radical militant groups like the TPP and the IS loyalists, who condemn Sufis, Shiites and other religious minorities as heretics.

With the rising terror violence in Pakistani cities unchecked in the recent few months, attacks targeting followers of non-Islamic State versions of Islam are likely to happen again.

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Important English Essay Topics for BA, BSc Exams List is available here for all those who are going to attempt the annual examination. These essay topics are same for private and regular candidates. Also for those students who are going to attempt BA, BSc examinations annually or supplementary. So if you are also among those candidates who are going to be attempt English paper then you are here on the right way to get all the list of important essay list. Candidates there are a huge number of essays which lies in BA, BSc syllabus but according to the board paper point of view there are almost 15 to 20 essays which are more important. Here down of this page we will provide you all the list and the most important essays are bold. Well you are suggested to read these all essays as these are very important to increase your English vocabulary. Essays also increase your general knowledge. Essay that is easy to understand and written in easy language is more preferable and you can secure more marks in that essay. So here down the essays available are the most repeated and expected essays for BA BSc Exams annual or supplementary, regular or private candidates.

Important English Essay Topics For BA, BSc Exams List 

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